Jani Reinikainen, devel (at) reinikainen.net
21. March 2003
Since Woody hasn’t got packages for XFree 4.2.x, we need to upgrade to the
testing distribution, which is “Sarge”, at the time of writing. Login as the
superuser (root) and edit your /etc/apt/sources.list using, for example,
vi or pico, or some other text editor. Change “stable” to
“sarge” or “testing”. Or, if you want to use the unstable branch, change it
to “sid” or “unstable” (without the quotes).
You need to stop your graphical login manager (if it’s running). By default
this is xdm.
Remove old XFree installations and packages related to them.
Upgrade your Potato (stable) install to Woody (testing) or Sid (unstable).
Now it’s time to install the X server. Xterm and Lynx will be needed
shortly for the Gnome desktop installation. In the next step (step 6),
you can choose to install one or several of the desktops used.
Plain Gnome installation:
gnome-panel gnome-panel-data gnome-applets gnome-media gdm enlightenment
Enlightenment can of course be replaced by a window manager of your choice,
such as sawfish. GDM – The Gnome Display Manager, which handles
graphical logins, is also optional, but recommended, due to compatibility
Helix Gnome installation: The startx command should now bring
you to your twm desktop. Right click somewhere on the desktop,
open a xterm session by choosing xterm from the menu list and type
the following command in the xterm window:
This downloads and installs a nice Helix Gnome desktop for you.
If this is was a fresh install of Debian, and you don’t have any packages
installed, it’s recommended that you get the following packages to get you
started (assuming that this is a workstation computer):
g++ gcc gftp gimp1.3 gkrellm gqview grip hdparm kate kernel-package lftp licq \
make mkisofs mozilla printtool ssh sylpheed tcl8.3 tcl8.3-dev tk8.3 traceroute \
unrar unzip wget xanim xanim-modules xchat xmms
If this is a server computer, I usually install the following basic packages:
links-ssl make traceroute rar unrar unzip wget nmap bwm vim screen tcpdump \
iputils-arping chkrootkit libncurses5-dev